Designed to accompany the document Why Should Government Support the Arts? this compendium of research provides links to numerous studies revealing the value of the arts and the many benefits that they provide to communities across America. It also serves as a useful primer on key research about the cultural sector.

For additional information about the arts or state arts agencies, visit the Research and Advocacy Tools sections of the NASAA website.

State Funding for the Arts

State Arts Agency Funding
NASAA surveys state arts agencies twice annually to maintain high-quality data on SAA revenues. Reports and data tables shown here provide detailed information on the latest SAA revenue trends. A press release summarizes the findings.

Public Funding for the Arts: 2013 Update
See pages 8 and 9 of this Grantmakers in the Arts publication for NASAA's summary of federal, state and local arts funding.

Economic Benefits

Arts and Cultural Production Satellite Account<
Detailed economic data on the arts and culture sector in the United States is available from the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Economic Analysis.

National Governors Association Reports
This series of research reports, compiled in collaboration with NASAA and the National Endowment for the Arts, summarizes how the arts and creative industries contribute to state economic competitiveness.

State Economic Impact Studies
These state level studies document the composition, scope and impact of the creative industries in many states.

States and the Creative Economy
The economic development benefits states derive from the arts are described in the resources found on NASAA's Creative Economic Development page.

Culture Shocks and Consequences: The Causal Link between the Arts and Economic Growth
This paper from the Center for Creative Community Development proposes an empirical methodology for understanding the economic impact of the arts.

Arts & Economic Prosperity IV
This Americans for the Arts study estimates the economic size and impact of the nonprofit arts sector.

Creative Industries: Business & Employment in the Arts
Based on Dun & Bradstreet data, this ongoing Americans for the Arts study tallies creative businesses and their total employment.

Educational and Work-Force Benefits

Preparing Students for the Next America
The Arts Education Partnership prepared this synthesis of how arts education boosts academic achievement, supports life skills and promotes work-force readiness.

Arts Ed Search
This continually expanding database, maintained by the Arts Education Partnership, summarizes the findings of more than 400 credible studies documenting the effects of arts learning on students and teachers in K-12 and after-school settings. Each study includes a user-friendly summary of findings and policy implications.

The Arts and Achievement in At-Risk Youth: Findings from Four Longitudinal Studies
Based on large, multiyear data sets from the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Labor, this report analyzes the relationship over time between young adults who participate in the arts and their academic and social achievements.

Reinvesting in Arts Education: Winning America's Future through Creative Schools
Drawing on research about arts learning outcomes, this report from the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities outlines five policy recommendations for improving American education through the arts.

Ready to Innovate
Conducted by The Conference Board and Americans for the Arts, this survey of top business executives highlights the need for creative thinking and innovation skills in the modern marketplace.

Staying in School: Arts Education and New York City High School Graduation Rates
This report by The Center for Arts Education examines the relationship between school-based arts education and high school graduation rates. The findings, based on New York City Department of Education data, show that the arts play a key role in keeping students in high school and helping them graduate on time.

The Imagine Nation
This website documents the desire of American voters to provide arts education that teaches the skills of imagination and innovation in the classroom.

Civic Benefits

An American Vision of Federal Arts Subsidies: Why and How the U.S. Government Should Support Artistic Expression
Government should support the arts, according to this Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities paper, because the arts foster civic well-being in a democratic society.

Art-Goers in Their Communities: Patterns of Civic and Social Engagement
The civic benefits associated with arts activities are reviewed in this Research Note from the National Endowment for the Arts.

The Arts and Civic Engagement
The relationships between arts participation and other forms of civic engagement are documented in this monograph by the National Endowment for the Arts.

Animating Democracy
This Americans for the Arts initiative has produced research and case studies documenting how the arts enhance public dialogue, civic engagement and participation in democracy.

Community Revitalization and Place Making

Urban Institute Research
The Urban Institute has conducted several initiatives documenting the role of the arts in community and neighborhood vitality.

Social Impact of the Arts Project
This University of Pennsylvania School of Policy & Practice initiative conducts empirical research on the role of arts and culture in American cities and on the links between cultural engagement and community well-being.

Soul of the Community
The latest report from the Knight Foundation's project to understand what strengthens residents' attachment to their community shows that accessible arts opportunities create desirable places.

Community Character: How Arts and Cultural Strategies Create, Reinforce, and Enhance Sense of Place
The American Planning Association considers how the arts can shape the physical and social character of communities.

Creative Placemaking
This National Endowment for the Arts paper summarizes two decades of creative place-making research and practice and explores related case studies.

Creativity and Neighborhood Development: Strategies for Community Investment
The Reinvestment Fund, a Philadelphia-based capital investment fund, here provides strategies that outline the roles the arts play in community revitalization.

Community Arts Network
Although the Community Arts Network project ended in 2010, its on-line library is still available and includes documentation, research and educational information about the role of the arts in community development.

Arts Participation Research
Numerous state and national studies document a broad public interest in the arts and a variety of ways that arts organizations can meaningfully engage citizens.

Health and Wellness

The Connection between Art, Healing, and Public Health: A Review of Current Literature
This peer-reviewed paper from the American Journal of Public Health considers the physical and psychological health effects of arts engagement.

Arts in Health: A Review of the Medical Literature
This review from Arts Council England shows how the arts support wellness, lead to positive patient outcomes in clinical settings, and strengthen the services of medical providers and health care facilities.

The Arts and Human Development: Framing a National Research Agenda for the Arts, Lifelong Learning, and Individual Well-Being
Published in response to a National Endowment for the Arts and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services convening, this white paper calls for federal leadership of arts and wellness research.

The Arts and Aging: Building the Science
This National Endowment for the Arts paper summarizes a National Academy of Sciences workshop on arts and aging, reviews related research, and identifies opportunities for further study.

Creativity Matters: The Arts and Aging Toolkit
This compendium of resources related to program design, implementation and evaluation is a joint effort of the National Center for Creative Aging, the National Guild for Community Arts Education and the New Jersey Creative Aging Network.

Arts & Aging
The benefits of involvement in the arts for older Americans are documented in this compilation of resources.

Arts, Health and Well-Being across the Military Continuum
Research, practice and policy recommendations from the National Initiative for Arts & Health in the Military are detailed in this paper.

The Arts in Times of Trauma
The role of the arts in healing during times of crisis is described in this monograph.

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